Report applauds farmers' work in wader conservation
Farmers have an important role to play in reversing the declining numbers of wading birds in Scotland, according to a new report.
A steep decline in the number of wading birds, including lapwings, oystercatchers and curlews, has been seen over the past 25 years.
Without urgent action, these iconic birds could soon be lost, the annual Working for Waders report warned.
Wader declines in Scotland are believed to be linked to problems around breeding due to changes in the countryside over the last few decades.
Several species are now struggling to produce enough youngsters to replace natural mortality and the report highlights the important role farmers and land managers can play when it comes to wader conservation.
The report said that while past agricultural intensification has driven wader decline in some parts of the country, the conservation of waders is rarely about removing productive land from use.
Some of the best habitat results come from targeting efforts towards rougher, wetter land and making sure that it delivers for wildlife.
This includes creating wetland habitats by not draining wet areas in fields, introducing seasonal grazing to prevent damage to eggs or chicks during the April to June breeding season, and controlling predators of ground-nesting birds such as foxes.
Professor Davy McCracken, co-chairman of Working for Waders, said: “Some actions can be win-wins for farmers, as they benefit both agricultural productivity and the waders.
Working for Waders is now looking to help more farmers to undertake collaborative management to increase wader numbers across their farms and crofts.
It has set up wader maps to show what work is currently being undertaken to reverse the declining numbers, and where resources need to be targeted.