Rock gardens and stone walls

Rock gardens and stone walls offer microclimates of sun and shade that will help a wide range of species thrive


From cool, mossy, shady areas for woodlice and spiders to sunny, dry basking spots for butterflies


Alpine plants that like to grow in these areas offer nectar for insects, which in turn offer food for birds.  To help bees you could try sempervivum, saxifaga, alpine pinks, erodium and sedum.

Rocks and stones offer nooks and crannies for bugs, lizards, frogs, voles and mice to hide and live in.

If you are able to incorporate a water feature this will produce even more types of habitat to help wildlife.