1. Provide a consistent food supply. Put food out at the same time each day so that birds don’t have to waste energy wondering when they will be able to access it.
2. Feed high energy food, high fat foods. Refreshing food twice a day is a good rule of thumb, once first thing in the morning to help the birds replenish fat supplies lost overnight, and once late afternoon to get them through the cold night ahead.
3. Give access to clean, fresh water all day.
4. Create spaces for shelter and protection from predators.
How about an upturned bin lid secured on a wooden post/stake
IDEAL FOODS FOR WINTER ENERGY
Use a high quality mixed seed – sunflower, maize and peanuts are good. Limit pulses
Ideally provide seeds without husks as this takes energy to remove them
Fat Balls are a favourite containing lard/suet nuts, seeds and cereals.
Combine high quality seed with kitchen ingredients to make it go further. Try our seed cake recipe.
A SAFE PLACE TO SHELTER
Birds need shelter from the cold, especially on cold, winter nights.
Dense, evergreen conifers, trees and shrubs are especially good, as is mature ivy.
An old Christmas tree, or a pile of branches or foliage can be placed on the ground to provide shelter from wind and snow
If you have space and permission, install a bird box for birds to sleep in and have a safe place to nest in this spring. Some birds, including tits and wrens, will shelter in empty nest boxes, snuggling together for warmth.