Which types of plants are most useful for which birds?

It all depends on what the bird likes to eat; whether it is insects, seeds or fruit.

Here are a few ideas:

Insect eaters


evening primrose
yarrow
golden rod
buddleia
honesty
lavender
hawthorn

honeysuckle
thistle
lemon balm
tansy

Seed eaters


amaranth
dandelion
fat hen
field forget me not
alder
millet
red clover
beech
sunflower

dandelion
teasel

Fruit eaters

blackcurrant
cherry
elderberry
dogwood
berberis
cotoneaster
holly
guelder rose
dog rose
mezereon
rowan
wild strawberry

Omnivores

blackthorn
bramble
evening primrose
hazel
firethorn
field maple
gooseberry
hawthorn
ivy
spindleberry
juneberry
hornbeam

For a full list of beneficial trees and shrubs to use in hedges and borders click here